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JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY.
Vol. IV. MANHATTAN, KANSAS, AUGUST, 1888. No. 8.
NEW SPECIES OF FUNGI FROM VARIOUS LOCALITIES.
BY J. B. ELLIS AND B. M. EVERHART.
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 65.)
Physalacria Langloisii, E. & E. — On rotton wood. Louisiana,
June 20,1888.Langlois,350. Minute, white or yellowish white, stip-
ulate, stem of fibrous structure, somewhatpubescent, 300—400x50-
70,* head subglobose or a little elongated or even depressed, quite
solid at fiist, becoming hollow and sometimes cup-shaped from the
falling away of the upper part, 14— l-3mmdiam. Surface when mag-
nified appears finely pubescent from the projecting basidia which
forms a compact layer covering the outer surface of the head, and
are of an oblong-cylindrical shape, about 12 x 21/2 — 3, bearing at
their tips the oblong-elliptical, hyaline spores 4 — 5 x 2i/ 2 - With
the basidia are urn-shaped cystidia 30 — 35 x 15, contracted ab-
ruptly above into a short, obtuse rough neck, projecting above the
basidia. This must be distinguished from the Schweinitzian spe-
cies by its much smaller size, and its urn-shaued cystidia.
Cyphflla TRACHYCHiETA, E. ft E. — On fallen oak leaves, Loui-
siana, July, 1888. Langlois, 1424. Gregarious, white, cup-shaped,
sessile by a narrow base, 300 — 400 high and broad, clothed out-
side with very roughappressed.subhyaline hairs with a smooth ta-
pering tip 12 — 15 long. The hairs are paler around the base of
the receptacle and are coarsely roughened by irregularly shaped
tubercles, some of which are prolonged into short spmes. The ba-
sidia and spores could not be well made out, but the latter are ap-
parently very minute. Some of the plants were enlarged to full 1
mm. across with the margin distinctly lobed. The hymenium is
nearly white with a slight tinge of slate-color.
♦Measurements in centimeters and millimeters will be indicated as usual by the abbre-
viations cm. and mm. but micromillimeters, t. e. thousandths of a millimeter, will be writ-
ten for the present without any denominational sign, or indicated by the abbreviation micr.
74 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VoL. 4, No. 8,
Corticium pezizoideum E.&E. — On decaying bean vines, New-
field, N. J. and on decaying Arundinaria, St. Martinsville, La.,
May, 1888. Langlois, 1207. Milk white, thin, orbicular, i/ 2 — 1 mm.
across, sometimes subconfluent, margin raised and fringed with
short crisped hairs. Basidia clavate 12 — 15 x 7, their tips round-
ed and subglobose. Spores globose, 3 micr. diam.
Clavaria SPHiEROSPORA, E. & E. — On the ground in a garden,
St. Martinsville, La., July, 1888. Langlois, 1435. Slender, 8 —
10 cm. high, cinereous or pale mouse-color loosely branched, ulti-
mate divisions subulate. Spores, (white) ? globose, 5 — 7 diam.
The whole plant is quite slender, the common stem below being on-
ly about 1 — 2 mm. thick, and the few upright, subundulate branch-
es of about the same thickness throughout.
Hypomyces pannosus, Schw. J. M. II, p. 76. — What we think
must be this species has been sent from Louisiana by Rev. A. B.
Langlois, (No. 1340), on rotten wood. The subiculum is of a dull
yellowish-white and looks like some Rhinotrichum or Zygodes-
mus or some abortive Corticium. Perithecia, waxy, yellowish, im-
mersed in the subiculum. Ascicylindrical 100-110 x 6-7. Spori-
dia 1-seriate, fusoid, 1-septate and slightly constricted, at length
roughish,;hyaline,apiculate25-271ong, (including the appendages) ,
5-6 wide; without the appendages about 20 long. H. xylophilus
Pk.has shorter sporidia and a more compact subiculum with more
numerous perithecia. On a re-examination of the specimen of th's
latter species from Prof. Morgan, we find the sporidia uniseptate.
Valsa deusta, E. & E.— On decaying limbs of Carya. St. Mar-
tinsville, La., June, 1888. Langlois, No. 1334. Perithecia 4—6,
sunk in the surface of the wood, with thick membranaceous walls,
shining-black inside (when dry), raisingthe bark into distinctpus-
tules. Ostiola erumpent in a compact fascicle, short-cylindrical
(i/smm), obtuse, quadrisulcate. Asci (p.sp.) clavate,about 15 x 4.
sporidia crowded, 8 in an ascus.allantoid, strongly curved, mmute
(314-4x1/2-%) . The cuticle is soon thrown off leaving the exposed
surface of the inner bark uniformly blackened.
Valsa (Eutypella) capillata, E. & E.— On decaying limbs,
lying on the ground. St. Martinsville, La., May, 1888. Langlois
No 1254 Stromata,pustuliform,2-3mm.diam.numerousand close-
ly contiguous for 5-20 cm. blackening and carbonizing the bark
and bounded by a black line which penetrates the wood but not
deeply Perithecia membranaceous, thick-walled, black and shin-
ing within (when dry) , 6-12 in a group, not distinctly circulating,
l-3-V 2 mm diam.theirbasesslightlysunk in thewood. Ostiola cap-
illary very long (1/2-1) cm. crooked, rough, brittle, (readily break-
August, 188S.] new fungi. 75
ing square off when dry), apices rounded and 4-5 sulcate, altogether
resembling a mass of black strigose coarse hair covering the matrix
with a nearly continuous coat. Asci clavate, truncate above, 15 x
3V2 (P-sp.), withaslenderbasealsoaboutl5 long without paraphy-
ses. Sporidia 8, crowded, yellowish in the mass, strongly curved,
with a nucleus in each end, about 3^ x 14. In its smaller sporidia
and very long ostiola this appears distinct from Eutypella Bon-
ariensis, Speg. and from Valsa scoparia, Schw. Var. subsimplex
has the perithecia larger (i/a-'^mm.) more deeply buried in the
wood and only 1-2 in a stroma which is rounded and protuber-
ant like the perithecia of some large suberumpent simple Sphseria.
Both the var. and the species are found also on the bare wood.
Diatrype acervata, E. & E. — On dead spots in living leaves of
Yucca filamentosa, Newfield, N. J., July — Aug., 1888. Stromata
small (1/2 mm.) , tobacco brown becoming black, soft, either single
or oftener in compact groups, erumpent in the center of ellip-
tical (14 — 4 cm. long) dirty white dead spots with a definite
dark, red-brown border. Perithecia subcircinately arranged, 5—10
in a stroma, white inside, 75 — 100 diam. subglobcse with a short
subcylindrical ostiolum which is hardly d'scernableonthe surface
of the stroma. Asci oblong 35 — 40 x 7 — 8 without any distinct
paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, cblong-cvlindrical, slightly curved,
hyaline, obtuse, slightly constricted in the middle and uniseptate,
12 — 18 x 3 exactly resembling the sporidia of a Sphaerella. The
clusters of stromata resemble the sori of a Puccinia.
LOPHIOSTOMA (Lophionema) implexum. — On dead adventitious
roots of Sorghum Halapense and on lower part of sheathing leaves
of (Andropogon) ? Pointe a la Hache, La, June, 1886. Lang-
lois 1439. Perithecia gregarious, brown strigose, ovate, about 1-3
mm. diam.,subcuticular,theobtuse-conic,slightly compressed ost 1 '-
olum and upper part of the perithecia erumpent, Asci 150 — 160
x 8 — 10 clavate-cylindrical, with abundant filiform paraphyses.
Sporidia filiform, closely braided or twisted toeether and about as
long as the asci. Well characterized by its perithecia clothed with
brown strigose hairs and its braided sporidia.
Lophiostoma minima, E. & E. — On decavingwood, St. Martins-
ville, La. Rev. A. B. Langlois 1388. Perithecia scattered, small
(200 — 250), ovate-globcse, partly sunk in the wood, ost^'ola only
slightly compressed, soon deciduous. Asci clavate-cylindrical, 75
x 8 — 9 with abundant paraphyses. Sporidia uniseriate, oblong-
elliptical, 10 — 12 x 4 — 5, subhyaline at first and nucleate, then
olivaceous and 3-septate, ends rounded, obtuse.
76 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VOL. 4, No. 8,
Lophiostoma hysterioides, Ell. & Langlois. — On rotten oak
stumps, St. Martinsville, La., July, 1888. Langlois, 1406. Peri-
thecia gregarious, subglobose with their bases slightly sunk in the
wood, mostly a little less than 1-3 mm. diam., ostiolum forming a
narrow ridgeentirelyacrosstheperitheciaandthusgiving them the
appearance of Hysterium. Ascicylindrical, 60 — 70 x 5 — 6 with
abundant paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, fusoid, nearly straight,
3-septate, smoky-hyaline, 14 — 16 x 3, the next to the upper cell
Lophiostoma (Lophiosph^era) meridionale. — Onrottonwood,
St. Martinsville, La., May 1888. Langlois No. 1205 Perithecia
scattered, minute (14mm.) compressed buried in the wood, the
projecting flattened black ostiolum alone being visible. Asci cla-
vate — cylindrical, 75 x 8 — 9 with abundant paraphyses. Sporidia
biseriate, fusoid hyaline, slightly curved, 1 — septate, and slightly
constricted, 30 — 35 x 5.
Leptosph^eria filamentosa, E. & E. — On dead places in liv-
ing leaves of Yucca filamentosa, Newfield, N. J., July, 1888.
Perithecia immersed scattered, small (200 — 225 micr.), depressed-
globose the upper part slightly raising and barely rupturing the
cuticle ostiolum not prominent. Asci subcylindrical, 75 — 80 x 7
— 8; with abundant paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, oblong-cylir-
drical, 3 — septate, yellow, constricted at the septa, not curved,
12 — 15 x 4 — 5, ends obtuse. The spermogonial stage is a Conio-
thyrium (C.concentricum) ? with small (4 micr.) , subglobose, brown
sporules. The parts of the leaf (mostly the sides or tips) occupied
by the ascigerous stage of this species are quite dead and already
partly decayed and brittle.
Metasphaeria punctulata, E. & E. — On dead culms of Par-
icum Curtisii, St. Martinsville, La., March, 1888. Langlois 1358
Perithecia scattered, immersed, the surface of the culm remaining,
quite even but blackened around the small erumpent black ostiola
or finally more or less uniformly blackened. Perithecia globose
14 — l-3mm.diam.with a white, rather firm nucleus. Asci clavate-
cylindrical 80 — 110 x 20 with indistinct paraphyses. Sporidia
fusoid, slightly curved, 3— septate, hyaline, 40—50 x 6—7.
Pleospora pustulans, E. & E.— On the exposed inner surface,
of bark of Fraxinus. Clyde, N. Y., April, 1888. O. F. Cook, No.
538. Perithecia gregarious, membranaceous ovate-globose, V 2 — 34
mm. diam. raising the bark into subconical pustules with the
papilliform ostiolum erumpent. Asci clavate-cylindfical, with a
short stipitatebase,aboutl00xl5micr.,withabundant paraphyses,
Sporidia uniseriate or subbiseriate varying from ovate to oblong
August, 1888.] new fungi. 77
and obling elliptical, at first pale brown and 3 — 4 — septate with
the ends subacute, soon 5 — 7 — septate and darker with the ends
obtuse, one or two of the cells divided by a longitudinal septum
which finally runs through all but the terminal cells, more or less
distinctly. This is very distinct from P. velata Sacc. & Roum.
in F. G. 1081 in its much larger perithecia which are not flattened
and in its mostly longer 3 — 7 — septate sporidia. Dr. Berlese in
his fine monograph of Pleospora figures P. Saccardiana (of which
he gives P. velata as a syn.) with 4-septate sporidia though he
says the normal number is three as we find them in our copy
of F. G.
Pyrenophora hyphasmatis,E. & E. — On exposed cotton cloth.
St. Martinsville, La., July, 1888. Langlois 1433. Perithecia
gregarious, superficial, flask-shaped, mouse-colored, 340-370 micr.
diam, clothed except the broad, truncate ostiolum with brown,
sparingly branched and sparingly septate, short, soft, somewhat
crisped and matted hairs. Asci clavate-cylindrical 65 — 70 x 6 — 7
including the slender base, (p.sp.50-55micr.long) ,with abundant
paraphyses. Sporidia crowded-biseriate, brown subnavicular
with the ends at first subacute, 3-septate with occasionally one of
the cells longitudinally divided 12 — 15x5 — 7 (mostly 12x6 micr).
This has the general appearance of a Chsetomium.
Ophiobolus cdnsimilis, E. & E. — On dead stems of Ochra.
Louisiana. Langlois No. 1312. Perithecia as in 0. porphyrbionus
gregarious on dull-red spots but net exclusively confined to them,
smaller than in that species (about 200 — 250 mm.), sunk in the
substance of the matrix their obtusely conic, i/jmm, long ostiola
projecting. Asci cylindrical, 80 — 90 x 8 — 9. with abundant par-
aphyses, Sporidia filiform, yellowish — hyaline nearly straight,
multinucleate (becoming multiseptate) ?, 75 — 80 x 2 — 2y 2 . Dis-
tinguished from O pophvrogonus by its shorter, broader asci and
sporidia and smaller perithecia.
BOTRYOSPH.ERIA minor E. & E.— On Sesbania, Louisiana.
Langlois 1403 (partly) Perithecia minute (150— 170 micr), white
inside, mostly m small erumpent groups of 2 — 6 joined in an im-
perfectly developed stroma. Asci 75 x 20 micr. Sporidia crowded
biseriate, subelliptical (narrower at the ends), 14 — 16 x 6—7,
yellowish-hyaline. Differs from the larger forms included under
Botryosphseria (Melogramma fuliginosum, in its smaller size.
Physalospora Sesbania E. & E. — On Sesbania macrocarpa.
St. Martinsville, La. June 1888. Langlois, 1403 (partly). Per-
ithecia scattered, 150—200 micr. diam. of rather coarse cellular
structure, partlv erumpent, papillate. Asci clavate-cylindrical
78 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VOL. 4, No. 8,
about 60x10 micr., with imperfectly developed paraphyses. Sporidia
crowded biseriate,clavate-oblongor fusoid-oblong, slightly curved,
yellowish-hyaline, 2 — 3 — nucleate, 14 — 16 x 31^ — 4. Differs from
Botryosphaeria minor on the same stems in its solitary perithecia
and narrow sporidia.
Thyridaria eutypoides, E. & E. — On bark of decaying Melia.
Louisiana, July, 1888. Langlois, No. 1377. Perithecia minute
(110 — 120 micr. diam.), immersed, scattered quite uniformly
through the blackened and subcarbonized substance of the bark
but lying mostly near the surface and here and there collected in
valsiform groups. Ostiola short cylindrical with a round opening
at the subtruncate and slightly swollen apex and so numerous as
to appear under the lens like a fine black pubescence. Asci
(p. sp.) about 35 x 7 micr. or with the short stipe like base 40 —
45 micr. long, surrounded with abundant filiform paraphyses.
Sporidia biseriate,oblong or clavate-oblong,3-septate and slightly
constricted at the septa, olive-brown, slightly curved, ends sub-
obtuse, 10 — 12 x 2V% — 3. On the same specimens was a Valsa of
the section Eutypella, agreeing well with the description of Eu-
typella paradisaica, Speg.
CeratospHjERIA microdoma, E. & E. — On bark of decaying
(Sambucus) ? St. Martinsville, La., June 1888. Langkrs No. 1310.
Perithecia barely covered by the bark, densely gregarious, minute,
not over one-sixth mm. in diam., ostiola projecting, cylindrical,
1-3 mm. long, rough and more or less overrun with a brown
tomentum (which however may be only accidental) . Asci oblong-
cylindrical or clav-cylind. 50 — 55 x 7 — 8 subsessile with rather
stout filiform paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate or crowded, oblong
or clavate-oblong 3-septate and slightly constricted at the septa,
olive-brown 11 — 12 x 2V2 — 3.
Sordaria pencillata, E. & E. — On an old decaying Chinese
mat. St. Martinsville, La., July 1888. Langlois No. 1449. Per-
ithecia gregarious, ovate, i/t — l-3mm.diam.,atfirstentirely buried
except the protruding ostiolum, at length with upper half emergent,
ostiolum short-cylindrical or obtusely-conical and surrounded by a
tuft of straight, erect, closely crowded pale brown c^tinuous
hairs 1-3 — V2 mm - lon £- Asci oblong cylindrical about 150 x 20 —
25, 4-spored, with indistinct paraphyses. Sporidia subhyaline and
clavate-cylindrical at first, then olivaceous with a single large
nucleus, finally elliptical and opake, 25—30 x 18—20, with a
cylindrical, nearly straight, hyaline appendage 12 — 15 x 4 — 5 at
the lower end and the upper end obtusely pointed or subtruncate.
August, 1888.] new fungi. 79
Sordaria striata, E. & E. — On decaying stems of some large
weed. St. Martinsville, La. July, 1888. Langlois No. 1408.
Gregarious. Perithecia ovate-conic, 2-3 mm. high andi^mm. broad,
black, tubercular — roughened, the tubercles seriate above so as to
cause the conic ostiola to appear striate. The tubercles are at
first capped with a few light colored granules, like grains of white
sugar but these at length disappear. Asci linear-lanceolate, con-
tracted towards each endandperforatedabove, 200 micr.long and
over ( including the filiform base) and 12 — 15 micr. wide, with abun-
dant paraphyses. Sporidia biseriate, (notfullymaturein the speci-
mens seen ) 45 — 50 x 4 — 4 14 , consisting of a cylindrical body with the
upper end enlarged into an elliptical head 12 — 15 x 7 — 8 with a
hyaline (12 micr. long) appendage at each end. Well marked by
the tuberculose-striate ostiolum.
Ch^etomium caninum, E. & E. — On dog dung, with (Isaria
felina) ? St. Martinsville, La. July 1888. Langlois No. 1384.
Densely gregarious, cinereous gray. Perithecia ovate, 250 x 220
micr. membranaceous, thin, rather coarsely cellular, clothed with
ligrht gray, muricately roughened, rather distinctly-septate hairs
which are much longer and denser above (300 x 4 micr.) with
their tips subcircinately involute, and their bases slightly swollen.
The hairs around the apex of the perithecia diverge so as to show
the black papilliform ostiolum. Asci clavate (p. sp. 20 — 24 x 8 — 9
micr.), with a slender base. Sporidia 8 in an ascus, short lemon-
shaped, smoky-hyaline, darker (subolivaceous) inthemass, scarcely
apiculate, 5 — 7 x 4 — 5 mostly 5 — 6 x 4 — 414, at first considerably
smaller, in fact they do not appear to attain their full size while
in the asci. This may perhaps be considered as a dwarf form of
Ch. stercoreum Speg., as it agrees with the description of that
species only it is smaller throughout. The specimens examined
seemed mature but no sporidia were seen over 7 micr. in their
Caryospora Langloisii, E. & E. — On old canes of Arundi-
naria. Louisiana March '88. Langlois, No. 1238. Perithecia
gregarious, nearly superficial, their bases slightly sunk in the
matrix, depressed-conical, large (nearly 1 mm. across), dull
black with a distinct papilliform ostiolum. Asci broad oblong or
narrow elliptical subsessile 120 — 140 x 40 — 45, 8-spored, with
abundant filiform paraphyses. Sporidia crowded in the asci
somewhat almond-shaped or acutely elliptical, 1-septate and
slightly constricted at the septum, ends obtusely pointed, yellow-
ish-hyaline at first, soon dark brown, 35 — 45 x 16 — 20.
80 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [VOL. 4, No. 8,
Diatrype pustulans, E. & E. — On dead stems of Arundinaria.
St. Martinsville, La. Langlois 1215 (partly). Stromata flattened,
formed of the scarcely altered substance of the matrix, covered
by the cuticle which is blackened and raised in a pustuliform
manner and finally pierced by the slightly projecting papilliform
ostiola. The separate stromata are 14, — V2 cm - across but are more
or less confluent with each other for 2 — 4 cm. or more in extent,
the surface of the culm being continuously blackened and the
entire area bounded by a black circumscribing line. Perithecia
membranaceo-coriaceous, subglobose or a little flattened, of me-
dium size, 8 — 12 in a stroma. Asci slender, 75 — 85 x 6 — 7, sub-
sessile, with distinct filiform paraphyses. Sporidia 1-seriate,
oblong, 1-septate and constricted, slightly narrowed at the ends,
straight, brown, 10 — 12 x 3. This is preceded or accompanied
by a Coinothyrium with numerous small, immersed perithecia
and small (2 micr.) brown sporules which ooze out and stain the
surface of the matrix with an olivaceous, pulverulent coat.
*Diatrypella decipiens, E. & E. — On bark of Umbellularia
Calif ornica. Sent from Coos Co., Oregon, in Feb. 1884, by our
esteemed friend, the late Wm. S. Carpenter. Stroma erumpent,
black (lighter colored at first), orbicular, or oblong, 2—6 mm.
Across, pulvinate, convex or, in the larger specimens, almost plane,
whitish inside, with a black circumscribing line around the base.
Ostiola slightly prominent, quadrisulcate, situated in a slight de-
pression. Perithecia monostichous, oblong-ovate about % mm.
iong, contracted abruptly into a short neck above. Asci (p. sp.)
50 — 70 x 6 — 7, polysporous. Sporidia yellowish, allantoic!, mod-
erately curved, 3 1 /-; — 4i/ 2 (or exceptionally 5 micr. long) and less
than 1 micr. thick!" This can not be distinguished by its external
characters from Diatrype bullata, (Hoff.) but internally it is very
Gnomonia tenella, E. & E. — On fallen and decaying leaves of
Acer rubrum, Newfield, N. J., June, 1888. Perithecia amphi-
genous, scattered, mostly in the lamina of the leaf and not con-
fined to the veinlets, depressed-globose, small ( 14 — 1-3 mm. ) covered
by the cuticle which is raised above it. Ostiolum black, straight,
bristle-like, about 1 mm. long. Asci fusoid, 50—70 x 6 — 7.
Sporidia fasciculate, narrow cylindrical, nucleate, 16 — 22 x l 1 /^ — 2
with a long slender pointed, hair-like appendage at each end 15 — 20
micr. long. Specimens on Rubus fruticosus in Kunze's Fungi Sel.
113, referred to G. setacea Pers. are much like this if not the
same. The apical ap pendages on the sporidia are coiled in the
*Thisand the preceding species were accidentally omitted on page 63.
August, 1888.] new fungi. SI
upper part of the ascus and when this is ruptured protrude like
the sporidia in some species of Ophiobolus. Often these hair-like
appendages remain more or less bent or curved but for the most
part straighten themselves out more or less perfectly after leaving
the asci. The perithecia occur also on the petioles of the leaf, and
are more perfectly developed there but are readily distinguished
from those of G. emar-ginata by their shorter thinner ostiola and
also by the color of the petiole itself which is of a lighter color
when occupied by the last mentioned species.
(Gnomonia emabginata, Fckl. Symb. p. 122) ? — On petioles
of fallen and decaying leaves of Acer rubrum, Newfield, N. J.,
June 1888. Perithecia depressed, 1/2 mm. diam. covered by the
cuticle, which is distinctly raised over them. Ostiolum black,
setiform, crooked, slender, about 2 mm. long, attached to one side
of the perithecia. Asci sessile, broad fusoid, 70 — 80 x 15. Spo-
ridia fasciculate, fusoid4-nucleate (probably becoming 1-septate),
yellowish -hyaline, 25 — 30 x 4 — 41/2, with a stout, awl-shaped, hya-
line appendage at each end. The appendages however soon dis-
appear. Fuckel gives no measurements of the asci and sporidia
and on referring to the specimens in the exsiccati accessible, those
in Kunze's Fungi Selecti, 252 and in Fungi Austriaci, 966 and
Fungi Gallici 3951 are without fruit. In the Rabh. Winter series
(2756 on leaves of Betula alba) , the perithecia and ostiola are the
same as in our specimens but the asci and sporidia are smaller,
viz. : 35—40 x 7, and 20—22 x 2— 2i/ 2 , respectively. Dr. Winter
refers the number just mentioned (2756) to G. setacea Pers. but
that species has smaller perithecia and sporidia. Saccardo in Syll.
gives the sporidia as 14—15 x 114—2, and Karsten 8—14 x about
lmicr. Examiningthe specimens of this species in our exsicati we
find it indeThumen's Mycotheca,455andl741,in Rehms Ascomy-
cetes 494and495andinKunze's F. Sel. 251, with the spondia quite
uniformly 10 — 12 x 1 X A — 1V2- It would therefore seem that Rab.
Winter 2756 may be more properly referred to G. emarginata,
Fckl. and we are disposed to refer for the present also to that
species the Newfield specimens on petioles of maple leaves though
they have the sporidia considerably longer and thicker. No ap-
pendages were seen on the sporidia in Rabh. Winter 2756 but
these often disappear in old or mature specimens.
82 JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY. [Vol. 4, No. 8,
Siphoptychium Casparyi, Rfski. — In 1884 I received from
Dr. Rex a specimen which was thought to belong to this species
and the description of S. Casparyi given by Rostafinski in his
"Mycetozoa" agreed in all respects with the plant from the
Adirondack Mountains. A note on the subject was given by Dr.
Rex in the Botanical Gazette of October 1884 together with a
translation of Rostafmski's description. I would add that Dr.
Rex's plant also agreed with the figure of S. Casparyi in the
supplement to Rostafmski's work. In North American Fungi,
No. 2092, specimens of this species were distributed collected by
Dr. Rex, I presume at the same time with the specimen which he
had previously sent me, but on this point I am not certain. Pos-
sibly there may have been a confusion in the distribution for it is
stated in Grevillea of June last that No. 2092 N. A. F. is not
Siphoptychium but Tubulina cylindrica. On referring to my
own copy of N. A. F. I find that No. 2092 is the same as the
Siphoptychium previously examined by me and, although not in
so good condition as the original specimen, owing perhaps to the
fact that it had been slightly pressed, on examination one can dis-
tinctly recognize the columella and the thick scanty capillitium
characteristic of Siphoptichium. The general aspect is that of
Tuoulina but the presence of capillitium and columella excludes
the fungus in question from that genus. It seems to be beyond
question that we have in this country a genuine member of the
genus Siphoptichium and, as far as can be told from the detailed
description given by Rcstafinski, our species is the same as that
found in Europe. Possibly an examination of European specimens
might show that our plant was specifically distinct, although it is
not very probable. There is no doubt however with regard to the
generic position of our plant. W. G. F.
Nota sopra una forma singolare di Agaricus. U. Martelli.
Nuovo Giornale Bot. Ital. Luglio, '88.
Due Funghi nuovi dell'agro Bellunense. Per. U. Martelli.
(Phyllosticta Bellunensis et P. Venziana on Ulmus&Lamium. 1. c.
Champignons nouveaux de l'Aube," observes par le Major
Briard. Revue Mycologique, Juillet, '88.
Sur quelque especes de Meliola nouvelles ou peu connues, par
M. N. Patouillard, 1. c.